Humanitarian research paper

Applications are open for the November intake of the Graduate Certificate of Humanitarian Leadership. An independent and bold voice for people working in the aid system. Submit a Paper View articles.

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An independent and bold voice for people working in the aid system, the Humanitarian Leader provides a platform for humanitarian professionals to test ideas and insight gained in the field in an academic setting. We are interested in telling the stories that challenge our collective assumptions about the humanitarian system. We welcome submissions that deal with concepts of humanitarian leadership, as well as ideas useful to humanitarian decision-makers, or that interact with our core understanding of the humanitarian system.

Areas of focus include international humanitarian architecture, ethics, response design and implementation, evaluation methodology, strategic foresight and innovation, but all papers must inform humanitarian leadership. Launched in Augustthe Humanitarian Leader provides a platform for non-peer-reviewed research to promote discussion and dialogue in the sector. Papers are published online every month, with an annual print and online edition published annually. Submit a Paper. Stay across the latest humanitarian action, research, events, and education updates from the Centre and our global partners.

Search Search. More information. Applications are open for the November intake of the Graduate Certificate of Humanitarian Leadership More information.

Close Next Alert. Home Research and policy The Humanitarian Leader. Research and policy. The Humanitarian Leader An independent and bold voice for people working in the aid system. Oct Read more. Sep Aug Jul Jun May Feb To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Papers People. This thesis challenges the narrative that Flint residents have This thesis challenges the narrative that Flint residents have received adequate access to resources and recovery from effects suffered from their water crisis.

To analyze these dynamics, I conducted ten, cross-sectional in-depth interviews of Flint residents, asking them questions pertaining to their experience with restoration and relief efforts in their community. Participants all reported similar but varying degrees of hardship with receiving water and other resources, exacerbated by their race and levels of economic, social or cultural capital, manifested in their spatial location within the city.

These results can demonstrate how social inequality might impact restoration efforts in communities. Lower accessibility to resources may be mitigated by the work of community-based organizations that provide resources and support to these disadvantaged members.

View Comments. Informal Disaster Governance. Scholars and practitioners are increasingly questioning formal disaster governance FDG approaches as being too rigid, slow, and command-and-control driven. Too often, local realities and non-formal influences are sidelined or ignored to This article theorises IDG and situates it within the long-standing albeit limited literature on the topic, paying particular attention to the literature's failure to properly define informal disaster risk reduction and response efforts, to conceptualise their far-reaching extent and consequences, and to consider their 'dark sides.

This framework is then considered in a location where IDG might be expected to be more powerful or obvious, namely in a smaller, more isolated, and tightly knit community, characteristics which are stereotypically used to describe island locations.

Thus, Svalbard in the Arctic has been chosen as a case study, including its handling of the Covid pandemic, to explore the merits and challenges with shifting the politics of disaster governance towards IDG. Save to Library. Migration is a growing key challenge of the 21st century. With 70 million people forcibly displaced worldwide, their security and the security of those living in the destination countries or regions is a major concern.

One of the decisive One of the decisive factors is the planning and organization of the camps where millions of refugees and internally displaced people are hosted, in several cases, for many years.

Well planned and well organized camps do not only provide assistance and ensure the dignity to those displaced, help the effective work of the aid workers, but also decrease the security threats and concerns. Humanitarian action to empower the most vulnerable social groups in disasters and complex emergencies.

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This paper deals with the well documented problems of the most vulnerable and invisible social groups in disasters and complex emergencies, however, changes the focus of attention and action, furthermore analyses the possibilities of This paper deals with the well documented problems of the most vulnerable and invisible social groups in disasters and complex emergencies, however, changes the focus of attention and action, furthermore analyses the possibilities of turning these threats into opportunities of empowerment.

Empirical evidence has been collected about good practices on how to include the empowerment of these groups in humanitarian operations in these emergencies.

These implemented operations show how humanitarian relief and development can be turned into a long-term opportunity of cooperation and empowerment of the most vulnerable communities. WHO conducted a qualitative and quantitative survey of emergency medical services EMS across Ukraine in to build a comprehensive picture of the challenges and opportunities facing EMS. The study used a range of methods for The study used a range of methods for collecting and analysing data.

In general terms, it was a cross-sectional study with retrospective elements. Qualitative and quantitative components were included to cover all levels of the EMS system, from regional health administrative staff to ambulance drivers, with end-user patients included. EMS systems and prehospital care are critical in saving lives and decreasing morbidities, but they are challenging to evaluate.

A newly adopted law has assigned administrative and financial responsibilities for prehospital emergency care to EMS centres at regional level, moving from fragmented district-based supervision to a more coordinated, regional approach.

This survey aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for the Ministry of Health to improve the overall quality of EMS in Ukraine. The survey outlines core approaches needed in EMS reform in Ukraine, with key suggested interventions, and proposes strategic directions.

High levels of coordination, cooperation, and collaboration between involved aid providers are needed for efficient logistics processes.Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file! Red Cross Env. Conflict Resolution and the Red Cross For the Red Cross, there is great significance to the organizations' internal and external environment. That is largely because a positive culture of service…. Military records,…. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research….

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Physicians Assistant Physician's Assistant Profile As an experienced medical professional in a variety of challenging humanitarian contexts, I have made an occupation of volunteering my service to those in need. All Rights Reserved. Humanitarian Services of the American Red Cross The American Red Cross ARC is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance to victims, relief to the disaster stricken and also education to the victims of disaster in the U. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the purposes of the ARC and if they have achieved these intended purposes.

The paper will also look at the benefits that the recipients have gotten from the organization as well as what economic impact the ARC has administered on the ground. The paper will then look at the challenges that the organization if facing as a whole and what it is doing to tackle the challenges. Finally there will be an effort to show what the current status and face of ARC is and the prospects that it portends for the future.

Historical Milestones of Humanitarian Service a. She constantly campaigned for an ARC society and the ratification of the Geneva Convention to protect the victims of war, and finally the U. Barton headed the ARC for 23 years and it was during her tenure that the ARC delivered the much needed service both domestically and abroad.

It was also during this time that it successfully campaigned for the peacetime relief work to be included in the International Red Cross Movement, this turned to be the famous 'American Amendment'. It was until the ARC received its second charter in that it included giving relief to the soldiers at war as well as serving as the communication medium with those back home, supplying the national and international disaster mitigation and relief during and after disasters.

This charter remains to date and it helped open up the functions of the ARC from just serving the war victims to humanitarian provisions. There are other purposes that the ARC serves of late like conducting researchesblood donations, education camps on disaster awareness and aiding in resettlement for the displaced due to natural disaster and wars according to American Red Cross Museum Who are the target of assistance The ARC has a wide target for assistance since the central purpose it serves in the society cannot be replaced by any other.

The ARC targets the victims of natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes. It also targets victims of emergencies like fire breakouts. The other target groups according to the American National Red Cross are the accident victims of any nature, ranging from road accidents, train crashes, mass poisoning, plane crash survivors, terrorism attacks and ship wreck survivors. Benefits from acts of public service One of the historical contributions of the ARC that can never be brushed aside in the history of the public service was in when the U.

Due to the dire need for humanitarian aid, the ARC dispatched a ship to Europe fully loaded with supplies and medical personnel. It is recorded that it carried surgeons and nurses who were to provide medial relief to both sides of the divide with strict neutrality according to the Geneva Conventions. In when there was brewing trouble in Europe, the ARC provided the much needed humanitarian aid to the civilians.

In the ARC responded to the U. They are involved in food distribution and shelter provision for the affected. The ARC volunteers give service a collective or congregate basis to the community wholesomely. The ARC is also known for the generous act of long-term support and training that help many afflicted communities or societies to recover from the disaster and also rebuild their neighborhood or country.

A recent incidence was the Haiti quake where the ARC stepped in to help in a major way and is still involved to date in the rebuilding process American Red Cross, Disaster Health Service DHS is another function of the ARC, where the ARC provides emergency service as well as preventive health service to help counter the outbreak of any infection in case of disasters.This sample Humanitarian Action Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.

Humanitarian action is the active provision of aid designed to save lives, alleviate suffering, and restore and promote human dignity in the wake of disasters and during large-scale emergencies.

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The humanitarian action that is the focus of this entry is the Dunantist tradition of humanitarianism that adheres to the humanitarian principles of impartiality, neutrality, and independence.

In its current form, humanitarian action is enshrined in international humanitarian law and provided by intergovernmental organizations and international nongovernmental organizations. Bioethical issues are numerous and profound.

Humanitarian action constantly negotiates between a minimalist and secondary morality, struggling to save lives but also to further human dignity among adversity and animosity. It challenges current arrangements of power and demonstrates an ethic of refusal. The work can be dangerous and aid workers and the populations they aim to serve face resource scarcity, tragic choices, and physical and psychological traumas.

Humanitarian action is the active provision of humanitarian aid: aid designed to save lives, alleviate suffering, and restore and promote human dignity in the wake of disasters and during large-scale emergencies.

It can be perceived as political or nonpolitical, as secular or non-secular, as a movement or an institution, and as short-term emergency response or longer-term development and guided by or apart from humanitarian principles. The Dunantist tradition of humanitarianism is emblemized by the Red Cross, enshrined in the Geneva Conventions, and protected under international humanitarian law.

This humanitarian action is the principled act of saving lives, alleviating suffering, and restoring human dignity; it comes in response to populations in danger and communities in distress and provides tangible succor in the form of materials, services, and medical care. However, humanitarian action has inherent limits.

humanitarian research paper

These include: 1 minimalist versus secondary morality and an ethic of refusal; 2 operational ethical challenges; and 3 functioning under neoliberal globalization.

Modern humanitarianism stems from the Age of Enlightenment, when critical thinking and discourse challenged conventional boundaries regarding who and what deserved attention and care.

The new philanthropists began pursuing social reforms that would make broad improvements in human welfare and began to oppose the suffering resulting from slavery, destitution, inhumane forms of punishment and incarceration, and cruelty to animals.

COVID-19 Community Voices monthly research paper

Modern humanitarianism encompasses aspects of both philanthropy and cosmopolitanism. Its cosmopolitan appeal is most acutely felt in times of crisis, when technology relays images of suffering immediately into homes across the world.

humanitarian research paper

The more contemporary philosophers Peter Singer and Thomas Pogge build on the cosmopolitan notion of moral obligations to distant others. Pogge agrees with Singer that we have an obligation to respond to those in destitution and poverty throughout the world, but his conclusion is based on negative duties not to harm others and to provide restitution when we have done so.

Examples of such harms are historic and current injustices under colonialism and neocolonialism Pogge Humanitarianism is called upon to address large-scale suffering that is often rooted in colonial and neocolonial structures of power. Modern humanitarianism is reactionary and has evolved and adapted to new forms of suffering.

The current liberal humanitarianism is marked by globalization and international responses to diverse forms of crisis and disaster. Humanitarianism as a vocation is rooted in three traditions: the religious, the Wilsonian, and the Dunantist Stoddard Religious humanitarianism is the oldest form of humanitarianism, evolving out of overseas missionary work. The liberal Dunantist humanitarianism is the dominant form within the international humanitarian enterprise and is the focus of this entry.

Humanitarian action is founded on the principle of humanity that all human beings are entitled to be treated humanely and to receive lifesaving assistance simply by virtue of being human and on the humanitarian imperative that people have a right to receive humanitarian assistance and humanitarian actors have a right to provide assistance wherever it is needed. Humanitarian action observes three additional guiding principles: neutrality, impartiality, and independence.

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Neutrality refers to abstaining from engaging in military operations or taking sides in hostilities or controversies of a political, religious, or ideological nature. Impartiality means providing assistance based on need alone and without discrimination, with priority given to the most urgent cases of distress.

It is not to serve as cover for military operations, religious proselytism, or commercial enterprise, nor is it to be manipulated by economic or geopolitical strategic interests. Terms and conditions of humanitarian action guided by these principles are enshrined in the Geneva Conventions and protected under international humanitarian law.

Such problems of human suffering, or crises of humanity, overwhelm local capacities to respond and thereby demand external assistance. The notion of the humanitarian emergency is therefore contentious in that the label may have a sanitizing effect, obscuring the root causes of crisis and delimiting the response to the humanitarian sector.The Declarations in your cover letter must include the following headings. Examples are in italics.

Authors: Yasmin Ibrahim. Authors: Jon Harald Sande Lie. Authors: Muazu Shehu and Adamu Abba. Most recent articles RSS.

humanitarian research paper

View all articles. Authors: Rosanne Marrit Anholt. Authors: Dorothea Hilhorst. Authors: Kerrin Geoffrey Buck. Most accessed articles RSS. The journal regularly publishes special collections that can be proposed by guest editors and discuss in detail pressing questions of humanitarian action.

Given the diversity of our readership, the editors seek submissions that transcend disciplinary and sectional divisions and promote rigorous and inclusive discourse around the challenges, problems, and practices of humanitarian action.

The collection will explore perspectives and theories, such as systems thinking and social networks, that can enhance understanding of the complexity of programming protection and support the realization of effective protective action.

How humanitarian practice can contribute to theory in order to achieve applicable results results-oriented research, evaluation research, and more will be discussed. For this purpose, current trends and challenges for protection in the context of humanitarian action also need to be considered. Details are available here!

The Journal of International Humanitarian Action has been published in a purely open access format since its inception. Every submission is assigned to a handling editor who orchestrates blinded peer review.

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Published articles are immediately available to be read, cited, and built upon by anyone with an internet connection. As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID pandemic, we are aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times. Please do let us know if you need additional time.

Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines, but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Skip to main content. Search all SpringerOpen articles Search. I thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.Children need champions.

Get involved, speak out, volunteer, or become a donor and give every child a fair chance to succeed. Year-on-year more children are caught up in conflict and displacement. They face recurrent threats of famine and are the most exposed to climate change and environmental degradation.

The crises and fragile contexts children face are also more and more protracted and entrenched. The consequences of childhood exposure to shocks and long-running uncertainty remain poorly understood.

Innocenti will also expand its well-established work on rigorous impact evaluations of social protection mechanisms in order to better understand cash in emergencies and fragile contexts.

Gender-responsive and age-sensitive social protection. Children on the Move. Children and migration: Rights and resilience. Office of Research-Innocenti. Legal Contact us. X Be the first to know about our latest research. Insignificant gains were made in generating evidence to improve the lives of the most disadvantaged children, build organizational capacity to conduct and use quality, ethical research on children, and set a foundation as an important convening centre for expert consultation on next-generation ideas on children.

This plan is the first to clearly delineate the role of research and evidence as one of the eight priority change strategies for children. This report therefore is an account of the first year of work to generate critical evidence to inform programmes, policies and advocacy for children and young people around the world.

Read the publication. This working paper identifies and explores the issues that should be considered when undertaking ethical research involving children in humanitarian settings. Both the universal i. Journal Articles. Journal Article. When the United Nations UN agreed on a definition of the Responsibility to Protect R2P at the World Summit, the two paragraphs it endorsed articulated what R2P stands for, giving the concept a focused but narrow remit around protecting populations specifically from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity in armed conflict.I put to test the humanitarian principles of humanity and impartiality on the basis of which I question why the situation of Somali refugees in Kenya is given more attention than the situation […].

Humanitarian organizations must understand both the geographical and social environments in which they operate in order to maximize the impact of their interventions.

Humanitarian research

This paper describes how seasonal population movements of the GaagwangNuer, semi-nomadic pastoralists of western Ethiopia, were mapped. An understanding of these seasonal movements was requisite to the inception of a medical […]. Negative perceptions of food security often coincide with acute mental distress, a complicating factor that intervention policies frequently overlook. This paper posits that understanding the […].

International volunteerism is growing amongst healthcare workers. Although there are ethical principles governing medical volunteering, errors do occur and may in fact be increased in this setting.

This article discusses the various legal challenges surrounding medical volunteering. Legal frameworks governing medical volunteering are unclear and vary between legal jurisdictions.

Evidence suggests that the incidence […]. Any discussion about an increase in inter-agency working particularly within the wider humanitarian aid and security sectors raise questions about the need for more collaboration.

One key reason is the synergy required to effectively manage more complex and conflict ridden work environments whilst aiming to achieve increasingly difficult organizational objectives. Such organizations face […]. This research paper explores the challenges of applying current legal protection frameworks, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, to the changing nature and patterns of contemporary armed violence.

The research will focus on two case studies: civil unrest, examining the Arab Uprisings and protracted violence in Syria; and urban violence. It […]. Providing aid to people in crisis is never enough—it must meet their most urgent needs and be grounded in sound science. Aid agencies have a responsibility to determine the effectiveness of their response and use evidence-based approaches.

The paper explores the security incidents affecting medical humanitarian work in Yemen and the ways MSF as well as other health practitioners try to securitize their staff, facilities, patients. This reflection was born out of the high number of security incidents affecting MSF in the past three years, as much as a shared analysis […].

In vast, contested areas, […]. The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance Field experience and current research on humanitarian action and policy. Home About Articles. Abstract: Humanitarian organizations must understand both the geographical and social environments in which they operate in order to maximize the impact of their interventions.

One step forward, two steps back? Sharif Elgafi. Abstract: International volunteerism is growing amongst healthcare workers.

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